Step 1: Control the environment so that no further harm occurs
- Stop all participants.
- Protect yourself if you suspect bleeding (put on gloves).
- If outdoors, shelter the injured participant from the elements and from any traffic.
Step 2: Do a first assessment of the situation. Identity if the participant…
- is not breathing;
- does not have a pulse;
- is bleeding profusely;
- has impaired consciousness;
- has injured the back, neck or head;
- has a visible major trauma to a limb;
- cannot move his/her arms or legs or has lost feeling in them.
If the participant does not show the signs above, proceed to Step 3.
Step 3: Do a second assessment of the situation
- Gather the facts by asking the injured participant as well as anyone who witnessed the incident.
- Stay with the injured participant and try to calm him/her; your tone of voice and body language are critical.
- If possible, have the participant move himself/herself off the playing surface. Do not attempt to move an injured participant.
Step 4: Assess the injury
If possible, have someone with first aid training complete an assessment of the injury and decide how to proceed. If the person trained in first aid is not sure of the severity of the injury or there is no one available who has first aid training, activate Emergency Action Plan. If they are sure the injury is minor, proceed to step 5.
Step 5: Control the return to activity
Allow a participant to return to activity after a minor injury only if there is no…
- continued bleeding;
- reduced range of motion;
- pain when using the injured part.
Step 6: Record the injury on an accident report form and inform the parents